Exercise on the Computer System Architecture

1.  

a)   The diagram below illustrates the main units of a computer system. Use all the following words to fill them in the diagram: input devices, control unit, ALU, output devices, primary memory, secondary storage.

b)  Briefly describe the function of each component in the diagram.

2.  

Use numbers between 1 and 5 in the following table to order the types of computers according to their size (note: 1 refers to the biggest and 5 to the smallest). Also, identify two tasks each computer may be used for.

3.  

Fill in the following terms in the diagram below:

      central processing unit (CPU)

      input

      memory

      output

      secondary storage

4.  

Assign the following terms to the appropriate descriptions:

      Embedded system

      Mainframe

      Personal computer

      Server

A computer with a large storage capacity that is primarily meant to deliver data to other devices connected to it over a network.

 

A relatively cheap, versatile, general-purpose computer.

 

A small computing device that serves to control or monitor a mostly mechanical machine.

 

A very powerful computer that can allow many users to use and share its resources simultaneously over terminals.

 

 

5.